Hadrianople

   See Adrianople.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Hadrianople, Battle of — (378)    Major battle between Roman imperial armies and rebellious Gothic armies; traditionally regarded as an important step in the fall of the Roman Empire. The battle was a dramatic victory for the Visigoths, who destroyed the imperial force… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Fritigern — (fourth century)    Leader of the Gothic Tervingi (r. 376 380) and rival of Athanaric, Fritigern is best known as the commander of the Gothic armies that destroyed the Roman army led by the emperor Valens at the Battle of Hadrianople in 378. His… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Arianism —    Religious heresy associated with the Alexandrian presbyter Arius (c. 260 336). Arianism offered a concept of the relationship between God the Father and God the Son different from that of the Catholic tradition in the late Roman and early… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Athanaric — (d. 381)    Gothic warrior leader or judge from 365 to 381, whose reign was marked by prolonged struggles against the Romans and the Huns as well as against other groups of Goths. His reign was later recognized by the Visigoths as the moment of… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Valens — (328? 378)    Arian Christian Roman emperor (r. 364 378), whose career is noteworthy for his disastrous defeat by the Visigoths at the Battle of Hadrianople, Valens was co emperor with his brother Valentinian I (r. 364 375); Valens ruled in the… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Alans —    A central Asian people who moved into southern Russia, the Alans participated in the migrations of peoples of the fourth and fifth centuries. Unlike other barbarian groups such as the Huns, the Alans never formed a united hoard, and therefore… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Alaric — (c. 370 410)    Great Visigothic king and warrior whose sack of the ancient capital city of Rome in 410, following the assassination of his rival Stilicho, profoundly shocked and dismayed the people of the Roman Empire, a shock from which the… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Ammianus Marcellinus — (c. 330 395)    Last important pagan historian of Rome, and the first to write a major history since Tacitus (c. 56 c. 120). Although nearly half of his work, the Res gestae (Deeds done), has been lost, Ammianus remains one of the most important… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Huns —    Nomadic steppe people who were skilled horsemen and great warriors and who challenged the power of the Roman Empire in the late fourth and fifth centuries. Although the Huns were never a direct threat to the existence of the empire, they did… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Visigoths —    Barbarian people whose migration played an important role in the decline and fall of the Western Roman Empire. The contacts of the Visigoths (literally west men ; also known as the West Goths or Tervingi) with the Roman Empire may have started …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

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